"Israel-Palestine" redirects here; for other uses, see Palestine (disambiguation).

Palestine, also known as Israel-Palestine or the Holy Land, is a historic name for the southeastern coastal Levant, roughly encompassing the same geographic area as the biblical Land of Israel. For hundreds of years, it was a province of the Ottoman Empire administered from Damascus. Following the Ottoman defeat in the First World War, the empire's Levantine holdings fell to allied military occupation, with Palestine occupied by British forces. In 1920, the British established the Mandate for Palestine in accordance with League of Nations mandatory procedure, governed by a crown-appointed high commissioner dispatched from London. After the Second World War, the mandate was terminated, leading to armed conflict between the Arab and Jewish communities, which culminated in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. The war ended with an armistice which established the Green Line, separating Arab and Jewish territory, which became the Republic of Palestine and the State of Israel, respectively.

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