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This article is about the modern sovereign state; for other uses, see Israel (disambiguation).

The State of Israel (Hebrew: מדינת ישראל medinat yisra’el; Arabic: دولة إسرائيل dawlat isrā’īl), colloquially known as Israel, is a sovereign state in the Middle East. Its proclaimed capital city is Jerusalem; however, only the western half of the city is controlled by the state, with the eastern half under the jurisdiction of the Republic of Palestine as its capital, East Jerusalem, and the Old City a demilitarised zone inhabited and frequented by nationals of both states, monitored by the UN peacekeeping group Multinational Force and Observers.

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