Gennady Yanayev (Russian: Геннадий Иванович Янаев; 26 August 1937 – 24 September 2010) was a Russian and Soviet politician who served as the first and only Vice President of the Soviet Union. He was Chair of the State Committee on the State of Emergency, which held complete state power in the Soviet Union during the Third World War. After the war's end in 1989, Yanayev was appointed acting Chair of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (head of state), and was one of two Soviet delegates (along with Premier Valentin Pavlov) who signed the Treaty on the Creation of the Eurasian Union on 30 November 1990, which officially established the Eurasian Union the following day. After the establishment of the new union, Yanayev went into retirement, but later served on the Public Security Collegium of the all-union Ministry of Public Security from 1996 to 1999.

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