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On 30 September 1964, the leadership of the Palestine Arab Party, supported by generals of the All-Palestine Army loyal to the Palestinian Regional Branch of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (which at this stage endorsed the Palestine Arab Party), staged a military coup which removed the current administration led by an Independence Party-Conservative Party coalition, resulting in the Republican Guard arresting 3rd President of Palestine Awni Abd al-Hadi and fellow top officials, and the implementation of a new regime led politically by a Palestine Arab Party-Ba'athist coalition. Palestine Arab Party Secretary-general Ahmad Shukeiri was inaugurated as president in January 1965, after twelve years of incarceration in Khan al-Ahmar Military Prison following the failed coup of 1952. On 1 December of that year, the draft of a new constitution was unanimously approved by a newly elected Palestine Arab Congress.

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